Create an Action Plan for ARAO and EDI

Before you start: review the Anti-Racism and Anti-Oppression pathway to learn about the terms and concepts used in this recommended practice.

Why an "Action Plan"?

A goal without a plan is just a wish.

The goal of anti-racist and anti-oppressive practice is to eliminate all forms of racism, discrimination, and oppression at all levels, and to redistribute power and equity.

It takes a lot of work with a lot of stakeholders and many moving pieces.

The purpose of an Anti-Racism and Anti-Oppression Action Plan is to:

  • Embed anti-racist and anti-oppressive values at all levels of the organization to achieve systemic change;
  • Implement policies, procedures, and practices to guide:
    • externally focused decision-making (e.g. programs and services), and
    • internally focused decision-making (e.g. hiring and other human resource functions); and
  • Evaluate progress and sustain systemic change over the long term1

What goes into the plan?

An action plan includes strategic goals with specific, actionable items for all levels of an organization (i.e., leadership, human resources, staff members, services and programs)1,2. It lays out who is responsible for what, how long it will take, and how progress will be tracked.

To be meaningful and sustainable, organization leadership teams have to commit to the values of anti-racist and anti-oppressive practice. This requires a commitment to and investment in continuous improvement and cumulative, formal education programs to learn and “unlearn” ways of working.

Everyone involved in the plan must fundamentally believe that representation and participation matters at every level of the organization. Leadership must take ownership of the goals and consult with equity seeking communities to ensure diverse experiences and needs are heard and valued.

The practices that an Anti-Racism and Anti-Oppression Action Plan embed in an organization should provide a framework for all decision-making.

The goal is to have anti-racism and anti-oppression integrated into the DNA of your institution.

Checklist: What makes a good action plan?

Frameworks and Examples

How to create an Equity, Diversity and Inclusion (EDI) Plan (Canada Economic Development for Quebec Regions)

An infographic example of the work that can go into an ARAO plan
An example from a member of NHH: How to get started and what to include.

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